2007-04-17-2019-03-24 --- 2019-03-24 11:08:44--00
Hover to zoom in

LOT :412
Estimate EUR : €30,000.00 - €50,000.00
Auction Date : 17-04-2007


CONNOLLY, JAMES [1868-1916] Original Citizen Army Mobilisation Order An autograph signed order to numbered members of the Citizen Army for 'a full mobilisation .. on Sunday at 11 a.m. Uniform and full equipment. The Commandant will be personally in charge.' Signed by Connolly as Commandant, entirely in his hand, with a few corrections. On a square sheet of cream laid paper, short tear (circa 1 inch) through part of the signature (probably where previously impaled on a printer's spike), fold mark, a few inky fingerprints, otherwise in excellent condition. This appears to be the original manuscript text of the notice which appears in The Workers Republic of February 12 1916 under the Irish Citizen Army heading at top of page 8. The Irish Citizen Army was founded on Connolly's initiative during the great Dublin lock-out of 1913, initially to provide a trained and disciplined force to protect picketers from attacks by the police. Others who supported its formation included Countess Markiewicz, Captain J.R. White, Francis Sheehy Skeffington and Rev. R.M. Gwynn of Trinity College. Initially its members were armed only with hurleys and similar implements. After the end of the lockout, Connolly kept the force in being, and organised regular marches and parades in and around Dublin, mostly on Sundays. n August 1915 it marched with the Irish Volunteers at the funeral of O'Donovan Rossa. It increasingly took on the character of a military force, sometimes marching openly with rifles, and on one occasion it staged a mock attack on Dublin Castle. The leaders of the IRB, whose plans for a Rising were well advanced, became alarmed that Connolly might trigger a clampdown by the British, and in January 1916 he was made aware of their plans, and joined the IRB and its Military Council. Some hundreds of Citizen Army members took part in the Easter Rising; James Connolly commanded the forces in the GPO (both Volunteers and Citizen Army). Connolly was seriously wounded on Thursday of Easter Week, and was carried from the GPO on a stretcher. On 12 May, still unable to walk, he was placed in a chair and shot. He was the last of the signatories of the Proclamation to be executed. Connolly was not a prolific correspondent, and documents in his hand are very rare.

Hammer Price : €80,000.00
  • en
  • fr
  • es
  • it
  • de
  • ru
  • zh-CN
  • el
  • nl


1. Estimates and Reserves

Estimates are shown below each lot in this sale. All amounts shown are in Euro. The figures shown are provided merely as a guide to prospective purchasers. They are approximate prices which are expected, are not definitive and are subject to revision. Reserves, if any, will not be any higher than the lower estimate.

2. Artists Resale Rights (Droit de Suite) is NOT payable by purchasers

3. Paddle Bidding (In Person)

All intending purchasers must register for a paddle number before the auction. Please allow time for registration. We recommend reading "Buying at Adam's" for first time buyers from our web site for more information. Please be aware that photographic identification by way of passport or driving licence will be required for new registrants, together with a secure valid credit card. This is for security purposes only. Potential purchasers are recommended to register on viewing days.

3. Buyer's Premium, Payment & Delivery

Buyers Premium:

The buyer shall pay the Auctioneer a commission at the rate of 20% on the Hammer Price plus VAT @ 23% (applied only to the commission) on all individual lots.

For example on a hammer price of €1,000, the Buyer's Premium amounts to €200 and the VAT on the Buyer's Premium amounts to €46.00, giving a total amount due of €1,246


All purchases must be paid for within two calendar days of the sale. Our payment terms are cash, banker's draft or cheque drawn on an Irish bank. Cheques will take a minimum of five working days to clear the bank, unless they have been vouched to our satisfaction prior to the sale, or you have a previous cheque payment history with Adam's. We also accept the following Credit Cards: Visa & Mastercard, subject to a credit card surcharge of 1.5% of the total invoice value, & American Express, subject to a surcharge of 3.65%. Debit cards, including Laser card payments, are not subject to a surcharge, however there are daily limits on Laser Card payments. Bank Transfer details are available on request. Please ensure that all bank charges are paid in addition to the invoice total, in order to avoid delays in release of the items. Goods will only be released upon clearance through the bank of all monies due.

Delivery takes place the day after the sale from 10.00am to 5.00pm. Uncollected lots may be subject to storage and handling charges unless specific arrangements have been made with the department. It is important to make contact with us in this regard to avoid any unnecessary charges. Adam's outsource all carriage & shipping requests to recommended third parties whom we deal with on a regular basis. This list is available upon request.

4. VAT Regulations

All lots are sold within the Auctioneer's VAT Margin Scheme unless advised to the contrary. Revenue Regulations require that the Buyer's Premium must be invoiced at a rate which is inclusive of VAT. This is not recoverable by any VAT registered buyer.

The VAT on buyer's premium may be zero rated for lots exported outside of the EU. This facility is available to non-residents and has strict guidelines in relation to availing of this scheme. Please contact a member of the accounts department to enquire further.

5. Absentee and Telephone Bids

We are happy to execute absentee or written bids for bidders who are unable to attend or can arrange for bidding to be conducted by telephone. Bid forms are available from our web site or you can leave absentee bids online by registering on Cancellation of bids must be confirmed 24 hours before the auction.

Bidding by telephone may be booked on lots with a minimum estimate of €500. Early booking is advisable as availability of lines cannot be guaranteed.

6. Condition Reports

The property is sold "as is" therefore imperfections/defects are not stated in the catalogue description. It is up to the intending purchaser to satisfy themselves as to the condition of a lot(s) before bidding. Condition reports may be requested in advance of sale subject to our terms of business. The report is an expression of opinion only and must not be treated as a statement of fact.

7. Conditions of Sale

All lots are being sold under the Conditions of Sale as printed in the sale catalogue and on display in the salerooms or via our web site